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FACWORLD EZINE
The Facilities, Mechanical, Electrical Resource Center

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April 3, 2003
Editor: Thomas Yoon

contact: http://www.free-marine.com/emailform.htm
Publisher: Facworld Ezine


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IN THIS ISSUE
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Publisher's Note
Featured Ad
Article
Facworld Free Classified Ads
Guidelines for placing ads
Advertising Rates
Subscribe / Unsubscribe information

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Publisher's Note
_______________________________________

Hi there,

Energy in the form of heat is obtained when fuel is burnt in
air. The release of this heat energy can be slow or can be
very rapid.

When fuel oil is sprayed as a fine mist in the boiler burners,
it is able to burn at a relatively slow rate. When fuel is
sprayed into the cylinders of diesel engines, the fuel burns
in such a rapid rate that explosions occur. Fortunately, these
explosions are protected from persons as these engines are
called internal combustion engines.

Whatever type of combustion, it is a chemical reaction between
carbon, hydrogen, sulphur and oxygen.

C + O2 = CO2
2CO + O2 = 2CO
2H2 + O2 = 2H2O
S + O2 = SO2
2S + 3O2 = 2SO3

Air consists of 77% Nitrogen and 23% Oxygen by mass. For a
particular design of combustion air, the theoretical oxygen
multiplied by 100/23 will give the theoretical air required.

How do you measure a good combustion. The percentage of Oxygen
or Carbon Dioxide will tell us whether the combustion is good
or not good.

The lower the Oxygen content in the exhaust gas, the better
the combustion. It means that the Oxygen has been fully
utilized for burning. It also means that the fuel air ratio
is set properly. Too much excess air is no good because the
heat generated will be lost through the exhaust trunking.

Boilers are able to achieve a good combustion. Oxygen content
percentage of up to 5% or lower can be achieved.

Internal combustion engines have a lot of excess air because
mixing of the combustible mixture is a challenge for them.
Furthermore, the combustion is meant to provide the power to
drive the pistons.

The burning of sulphur in the fuel is a problem for combustion
equipment. This is because the byproducts of combustion will
create sulphur dioxide and sulphur trioxide. These will react
with the water, also a byproduct of combustion of Hydrogen to
form sulphuric acid and sulphurous acid.

SO3 + H2O = H2SO4
SO2 + H2O = H2SO3
2H2SO3 + O2 = H2SO4

However, the effects of corrosion, called low temperature
corrosion can be avoided by keeping the temperature above the
dewpoint. That means to keep the exhaust temperature high so
that water droplets will not form on the exhaust ducts.

Folks, get hot!

Until next time…

Thomas Yoon
Editor, Facworld Ezine
More information can be obtained at
http://facworld.tripod.com

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Article
_______________________________________

The Key to Customer Service


Have you ever watched a politician's speech and noticed that what
they say is not nearly as important as how they say it? During
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What does this have to do with customer service? Well, it shows
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GUIDELINES FOR PLACING ADS
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* Only subscribers are allowed to place a free ad.
* Only 1 free ad per month, per subscriber.
* Maximum of 65 characters per line.
* Solo Ads 30 lines, including url and email address.
* Featured Ads 7 lines, including url and email address.
* Sponsored Ads 5 lines, including url and email address.
* Free Ads 3 lines, including url and email address.
* No Adult, chain letters, astrology, gambling, hate,
racial, pornographic, or illegal material.
* First come first served.


To Submit Your Paying and Free Ads:
send to http://www.free-marine.com/ezine.htm


Text Ad only (No attachment or HTML)

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ADVERTISING RATES
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Solo ads US$30.00 - 30 lines including url, 65 characters/line
Featured ads US$10.00 -7 lines including url, 65 characters/line
Sponsored ads US$7.00 - 5 lines including url, 65 characters/line


Payment for paying ads can be made by credit card at:

http://www.free-marine.com/payingad.htm

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To SUBSCRIBE or join this Newsletter:
send an email to:

mailto:facworld-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

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~Disclaimer: Facworld provides Ad listings
and opportunities as a service for our subscribers.
Although we do make an effort to verify offers, we do not
accept responsibility for the validity of the information
presented. Please conduct your own evaluation of offers.

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Contact Information
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Thomas Yoon, Publisher/Editor
4186 Bagan Luar Road
12000 Butterworth
Malaysia
604-4095166

contact me at http://www.free-marine.com/emailform.htm


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